The cause of yeast infection also known as Candidiasis and is caused by microscopic fungus called Candida albicans.
Yeasts live all over the body especially favoring dark and moist areas. Most commonly, yeast infections occur in the genital area. Folds of skin and mouth, nails are other areas where a yeast infection is likely to occur. Candida is part of the normal flora of the skin, gastrointestinal tract, oropharynx, genitourinary tract, mucus membranes and the respiratory tract. But competition from friendly bacteria and the cleansing action of the immune system keeps the number of Candida under control. When the immune system is compromised, the Candida gains an upper hand and reproduces rapidly resulting in a yeast infection.
Yeast infections, if left untreated, can cause potentially life-threatening problems especially when the spores enter the bloodstream and infect vital organs like the heart, brain, kidneys and eyes as well as liver, spleen and lungs. This type of infection is known as invasive Candidiasis.
Candidiasis or yeast infection is an extremely complex condition caused due to combination of various factors. Some factors which lead to proliferation of this fungus are:
dietary choices leading to acid-alkali imbalance.
Eating lot of white sugar, meat products, and
processed foods. They alter the pH balance of the
immune system due to conditions like diabetes
mellitus, Lyme disease or HIV
of normal skin and mucosal barriers caused by
indwelling intravascular devices such as urinary
catheters and IV ports.
surgery, trauma or tissue damage caused by
radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
in friendly bacteria due to indiscriminate use of
antibiotics, therefore, allowing the yeast to take
of hormones such as during pregnancy, menstruation or
of steroids, birth control pills and other
hygiene and poor toilet habits.
chemicals in dyes and perfumes may trigger an allergic
reaction leading to yeast
to vaginal or vulvar membranes may cause yeast
may also be sexually
- Lifestyle factors such as types of clothes, stress etc.
Symptoms of yeast infection include soreness, itching, white clumpy discharge and foul odour. Though most common in women, yeast infections also occur in men and children as oral thrush or in babies as diaper rash. To effectively prevent yeast infection it is important to know what causes it. The yeast infection may be triggered by one of the above causes or a combination of these. Since they are so varied, a holistic approach to treatment works best for curing yeast infections permanently, safely, and effectively.